A retrospective review was done on 501 patients who had bilateral sequential one-stage total knee replacements from September 1995 to April 2000 to evaluate perioperative (in-hospital) morbidity. One thousand two knee replacements were done with the patients receiving regional anesthesia, on 286 women and 215 men with an average age of 66 years. The average transfusion requirement was 2.8 units of blood per patient. There were no deaths, myocardial infarctions, or cerebrovascular accidents. The mean length of hospital stay was 7.2 days. One hundred forty-four perioperative complications were observed in 109 patients (21.8%). These complications included 27 arrythmias (5%), one congestive heart failure (0.2%), 65 lower extremity deep venous thromboses (13%), 14 fat emboli (3%), and two pulmonary emboli (0.4%). Other major complications were pneumonia (1%), acute renal failure (0.4%), ileus (2%), and mental status changes (2%). Wound complications included two deep infections (0.4%), three hematomas (0.6%), and five delayed wound healings (0.9%). According to the current study the perioperative morbidity and mortality is acceptable if the procedure is used for selected patients. Patients with significant comorbidities should have a staged bilateral total knee replacement.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||7|
|Journal||Clinical orthopaedics and related research|
|State||Published - Apr 2004|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Orthopedics and Sports Medicine