Perioperative Hyperglycemia and Postoperative Outcomes in Patients Undergoing Resection of Colorectal Liver Metastases

Georgios Antonios Margonis, Neda Amini, Kazunari Sasaki, Yuhree Kim, Katiuscha Merath, Stefan Buettner, Emmanouil Pikoulis, Nikolaos Andreatos, Doris Wagner, Efstathios Antoniou, Timothy M. Pawlik

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Introduction: There is limited evidence characterizing the impact of glycemic alterations on short-term outcomes among patients undergoing resection of colorectal liver metastases (CRLM). Methods: Hyperglycemia was defined as a glucose value >125 mg/dl according to WHO definition. The impact of early postoperative hyperglycemia on short-term postoperative outcomes was assessed. Results: The mean postoperative glucose value was 128 mg/dl; 30 (9.8 %) patients had normal fasting glucose (<100 mg/dl), 106 patients had glucose intolerance (100–125 mg/dl), and 170 (55.5 %) patients had hyperglycemia (>125 mg/dl). A postoperative complication occurred in 101 patients (morbidity, 33.1 %); among patients who experienced a complication, an infectious complication was most common (38.6 %). After controlling for clinical factors, patients with hyperglycemia had an increased risk of overall complications [odds ratio (OR) 4.11; 95 % confidence interval (CI) 1.96–8.62, P < 0.001]. This was the case for both patients with and without diabetes (P < 0.05). Patients with hyperglycemia on the day of surgery were also at an increased risk of infections [OR 9.17; 95 % CI 2.26–37.13, P = 0.002] and had a longer hospital stay (normal glucose, 4 days vs. glucose 100–125 mg/dl, 4 days vs. glucose >125 mg/dl, 5 days, P < 0.001). Conclusions: Early postoperative hyperglycemia was associated with adverse outcomes in patients with and without diabetes who underwent resection of CRLM. Perioperative glucose evaluation may be an important quality target.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1-10
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Gastrointestinal Surgery
StateAccepted/In press - Sep 27 2016


  • CRLM
  • Hyperglycemia
  • Short-term outcomes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Gastroenterology


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