Perioperative fluid status and surgical outcomes in patients undergoing cytoreductive surgery for advanced epithelial ovarian cancer

M. G. Desale, E. J. Tanner, A. K. Sinno, A. Africano Angarita, Amanda Nickles Nickles Fader, Rebecca Stone, Kimberly Levinson, R. E. Bristow, K. Long Roche

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Objective The objective of this study is to investigate the impact of fluid status on perioperative outcomes of patients undergoing cytoreductive surgery (CRS) for advanced epithelial ovarian cancer (EOC). Methods Patients undergoing CRS for stage III or IV EOC at a comprehensive cancer center from 12/2010 to 05/2015 were identified. Those who underwent upper abdominal procedures or colon resections were included. Demographic, perioperative, and 30-day complication data were collected. Perioperative weight change was utilized as a surrogate for fluid status. The time to diuresis (tD) was defined as the postoperative day the patient's weight began to downtrend. Results One hundred ten patients were included. Median age was 62 years and median BMI 25.8 kg/m2. The majority (74.5%) were stage IIIC. At least 1 bowel resection was performed in 60 cases (54.5%). A median of 5381 mL of crystalloid (range 1000–17,550 mL) and 500 mL of colloids (range 0–2783 mL) was given intraoperatively. The median perioperative weight change was + 7.3 kg (range − 0.9 kg to + 35.7 kg). The median tD was 3 days (range 1–17 days). On univariate analysis, net positive fluid status was associated with unscheduled reoperation, anastomotic leak, surgical site infections (SSI), and length of stay > 5 days. On multivariate analysis, fluid status was independently associated with SSI (p = 0.01). Conclusions Perioperative fluid excess is common in patients undergoing CRS for EOC and is independently associated with SSI.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)61-64
Number of pages4
JournalGynecologic Oncology
Volume144
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2017

Keywords

  • Cytoreductive surgery
  • Epithelial ovarian cancer
  • Fluid management
  • Perioperative

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Obstetrics and Gynecology

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