Perioperative factors associated with Hospital Consumer Assessment of Healthcare Providers and Systems responses of total hip arthroplasty patients

Dermot P. Maher, Pauline Woo, Waylan Wong, Xiao Zhang, Roya Yumul, Charles Louy

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Objective To determine perioperative treatments and events associated with Hospital Consumer Assessment of Healthcare Providers and Systems (HCAHPS) responses among patients who undergo total hip arthroplasties (THAs) and total knee arthroplasties (TKAs). Design Retrospective analysis. Setting Single tertiary care, academic, urban, level 1 trauma center. Participants Final cohort represents 301 consecutive surgical inpatients meeting criteria for evaluation by HCAHPS survey. Exposures Responses to 4 HCAHPS questions were analyzed against perioperative treatments and events. Measures Positive and negative responses to HCAHPS questions. Results THA patients responding affirmatively to both pain specific and general satisfaction were associated with preoperative use of chronic nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs. In addition, THA patients responding affirmatively "how often was your pain well controlled" were also associated decreased postanesthesia care unit (PACU) opioid requirement. TKA patients responding affirmatively to "what number would you use to rate this hospital" were associated with shorter PACU stays and lower final pain scores. TKA patients responding affirmatively to "would you recommend this hospital to your family" were associated with shorter lengths of stay in the hospital and in the PACU. TKA patients responding affirmatively to "How often did the hospital staff do everything to help with your pain" were not associated with any measured perioperative event. TKA patients responding affirmatively to "how often was your pain well controlled" were associated with older age, decreased use of preoperative chronic benzodiazepines, and increased use of preoperative midazolam. Conclusions These data suggest that chronic use of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs is associated with improved overall satisfaction and satisfaction with pain in THA patients. Furthermore, increased PACU opioid use was negatively associated satisfaction with pain management. Age, lengths of stay preadmission medications, anxiolytic medications, and PACU pain scores are associated with patient satisfaction with regards to both pain management and overall satisfaction in TKA patients.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)232-238
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Clinical Anesthesia
Volume34
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 1 2016
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • HCAHPS
  • NSAIDs
  • Opioids
  • Patient satisfaction
  • Preoperative medications

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine

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