Background Endovascular recanalization and stenting has been used to treat patients with symptomatic nonacute intracranial vertebrobasilar artery occlusion (VBAO) refractory to aggressive medical treatment. This study was performed to analyze the perioperative complications of the procedures. Methods Between February 2010 and March 2012, 27 consecutive patients (24 men, 3 women; age: 57 ± 10 years) with symptomatic, nonacute intracranial VBAO including 12 basilar artery occlusions and 15 vertebral artery occlusions were collected and retrospectively analyzed. Results The median time between symptom onset and recanalization was 1.5 months (interquartile range [IQR]: 0.7-3.4) and between imaging-documented occlusion and recanalization was 9.5 days (IQR: 6-18 days). Recanalization was achieved in 96% of patients (26/27). Five (5/27; 19%) perioperative complications occurred. Two patients had dissections: 1 dissection resulted in termination of the procedure without successful recanalization, and the other was handled by the placement of 2 stents. There was 1 intraprocedural acute thrombosis that was successfully treated with balloon angioplasty. One patient experienced thrombus disruption and translocation during the procedure: thrombus was dislodged after disruption by the guidewire. There was 1 acute reocclusion after procedure: while recanalization was achieved again, there was no improvement in clinical outcome. Conclusions This study revealed that recanalization and stenting for nonacute VBAO may be technically feasible but that it is accompanied by a high risk of complication. The causative factors for perioperative complications need future study.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine