Perinatal events associated with maternal smoking during pregnancy

Mary B. Meyer, Bruce S. Jonas, James A. Tonascia

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

To identify components of smoking-related increased perinatal mortality, detailed analyses of data from the Ontario Perinatal Mortality Study (50,000 births, 1,300 deaths, 1960-1961) measured the relationship of maternal smoking .to birth weight, gestation, placental complications, and perinatal mortality. Cross-tabulations with other factors and multiple adjustment showed increases with amount smoked of birth weights <2500 gm, gestations <38 weeks, placenta previa, abruptio placentae, and perinatal mortality. These significant, smoking-related increases were independent of mother's height, weight, hospital status, age-parity group, birthplace, previous pregnancy history, weight gain, time of registration, and sex of child.Maternal smoking had the strongest effect on birthweight in the 8 factor regression, and births <2500 gm increased directly with smoking level from 20% to 340% in 37 data subgroups. Births <38 weeks increased 20% and 50% and perinatal mortality increased 20% and 36% for <1 pack and 1 + pack smokers, respectively, adjusted for 7 other factors. Placental complications increased consistently with smoking level in all of 37 subgroups except for primiparous < 1 pack smokers. Adjusted rates increased 25% and 92% for placenta previa, 23% and 86% for abruptions among smokers of < 1 pack and 1 + packs, respectively. These complications carry high perinatal mortality risk, and account for one-third to one-half of the perinatal deaths attributable to maternal smoking.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)464-476
Number of pages13
JournalAmerican journal of epidemiology
Volume103
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - May 1976

Keywords

  • Abruptio placentae
  • Birth weight
  • Fetal
  • Gestational age
  • Infant
  • Maternal age
  • Mortality
  • Parity
  • Placenta previa
  • Smoking

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Epidemiology

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