Periconceptional nutrition and infant outcomes

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Abstract

The problems of low birth weight (LBW < 2500 g), intrauterine growth retardation (IUGR) or being small for gestational age (SGA), and preterm delivery (<37 completed weeks' gestation) are well known, and a vast amount of research has been undertaken to understand the etiology of these poor pregnancy outcomes and to identify effective strategies for their prevention. Although much progress has been made in improving the survival of these babies, effective preventive strategies are still lacking. Research suggests that maternal nutritional factors before and during pregnancy affect her risk of poor pregnancy outcomes, from spontaneous abortion, congenital malformations, and birth defects to IUGR and preterm delivery and reduced likelihood of her baby's survival during infancy. Yet there appear to be few examples of effective programs for improving maternal nutrition during pregnancy.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationPerinatal Nutrition
Subtitle of host publicationOptimizing Infant Health and Development
PublisherCRC Press
Pages1-14
Number of pages14
ISBN (Electronic)9780203997338
ISBN (Print)9780824754747
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 2004

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

Caulfield, L. (2004). Periconceptional nutrition and infant outcomes. In Perinatal Nutrition: Optimizing Infant Health and Development (pp. 1-14). CRC Press.