Purpose To evaluate the test performance of perfusion-weighted Fourier-decomposition (pw-FD) magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in comparison to dynamic contrast-enhanced (DCE)-MRI as a reference standard in patients with known or suspected chronic pulmonary embolism (PE). Materials and Methods In 64 patients, chronic PE was ruled out or confirmed by DCE-MRI using a time-resolved angiography with stochastic trajectories (TWIST) sequence in one breath-hold. Pw-FD-MRI was performed using a 2D fast low-angle shot (FLASH) sequence in free-breathing. After a nonrigid image registration, FD was applied to generate pw-images. Lungs were scored by two radiologists (2 and 12 years of lung MRI experience) visually for each lobe and segment for hypoperfused areas. For intra- and interobserver variability, the MR images were analyzed 2 months after the first analysis, blinded to the results of the first reader. Results PE was diagnosed by DCE-MRI in 39 patients. For the pw-FD MRI sensitivity, specificity, accuracy, and positive and negative predictive value for diagnosis of PE were 100%, 95%, 98%, 98%, and 100% on a per-patient basis, 94%, 94%, 94%, 95%, 94% on a per-lobe basis, and 82%, 92%, 88%, 88%, 88% on a segmental basis, respectively. Detection of subsegmental and segmental hypoperfusion using pw-FD MRI showed a moderate agreement with DCE-MRI (kappa of 0.68; 95% confidence interval: 0.64; 0.72). Conclusion Pw-FD of the lung is a feasible test to diagnose chronic PE on a per-patient level during free-breathing without the use of ionizing radiation or contrast agents.
- Fourier decomposition
- dynamic contrast enhanced MRI
- lung perfusion
- pulmonary embolism
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging