Performance of kidney injury molecule-1 and liver fatty acid-binding protein and combined biomarkers of aki after cardiac surgery

Chirag Parikh, Heather Thiessen Philbrook, Amit X. Garg, Deepak Kadiyala, Michael G. Shlipak, Jay L. Koyner, Charles L. Edelstein, Prasad Devarajan, Uptal D. Patel, Michael Zappitelli, Catherine D. Krawczeski, Cary S. Passik, Steven G. Coca

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Background and objectives AKI is common and novel biomarkers may help provide earlier diagnosis and prognosis of AKI in the postoperative period. Design, setting, participants, & measurements This was a prospective, multicenter cohort study involving 1219 adults and 311 children consecutively enrolled at eight academic medical centers. Performance of two urine biomarkers, kidney injury molecule-1 (KIM-1) and liver fatty acid-binding protein (L-FABP), alone or in combination with other injury biomarkers during the perioperative period was evaluated. AKI was defined as doubling of serum creatinine or need for acute dialysis. Results KIM-1 peaked 2 days after surgery in adults and 1 day after surgery in children,whereas L-FABP peaked within 6 hours after surgery in both age groups. In multivariable analyses, the highest quintile of the first postoperative KIM-1 levelwas associatedwithAKI comparedwith the lowest quintile in adults,whereas the first postoperative L-FABP was not associated with AKI. Both KIM-1 and L-FABP were not significantly associated with AKI in adults or children after adjusting for other kidney injury biomarkers (neutrophil gelatinaseassociated lipocalin and IL-18). The highest area under the curves achievable for discrimination forAKI were 0.78 in adults using urine KIM-1 from 6 to 12 hours, urine IL-18 from day 2, and plasma neutrophil gelatinaseassociated lipocalin from day 2 and 0.78 in children using urine IL-18 from 0 to 6 hours and urine L-FABP from day 2. Conclusions Postoperative elevations of KIM-1 associate with AKI and adverse outcmes in adults but were not independent of other AKI biomarkers. A panel of multiple biomarkers provided moderate discrimination for AKI.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1079-1088
Number of pages10
JournalClinical Journal of the American Society of Nephrology
Volume8
Issue number7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jul 1 2013
Externally publishedYes

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nephrology
  • Transplantation
  • Epidemiology
  • Critical Care and Intensive Care Medicine

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