Percutaneous Vertebral Body Augmentations: The State of Art

Majid Khan, Sergiy V. Kushchayev

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

Abstract

Osteoporotic compression fractures of the vertebral body can result in pain and long-term morbidity, including spinal deformity, with increased risk of mortality resulting from associated complications. Conservative management includes opioids and other analgesics, bed rest, and a back brace. For patients with severe and disabling pain, vertebral augmentation (vertebroplasty and kyphoplasty) is often considered, with these procedures endorsed by multiple professional societies, and provides immediate structural support, and stabilizes and reinforces the weakened bone structure. The purpose of this article is to review the vertebral biomechanics, indications and contraindications, and techniques of performing successful vertebral augmentation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)495-513
Number of pages19
JournalNeuroimaging Clinics of North America
Volume29
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 2019

Keywords

  • Balloon kyphoplasty (BK)
  • Percutaneous vertebroplasty (PV)
  • Polymethyl methacrylate (PMMA)
  • Vertebral compression fracture
  • Vertebral stent/implant (VI)

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
  • Clinical Neurology

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