Background. The long-term prognosis of diabetic patients with multivessel coronary artery disease (CAD) treated by surgical or percutaneous coronary revascularization is significantly worse as compared to non-diabetics. Lower rates of complete revascularization may be one factor that influences the poor long-term outcome in the diabetic population. Our study assessed the impact of complete revascularization on the long-term prognosis in diabetic patients with CAD treated by percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). The study included 658 consecutive diabetic patients (mean age, 60.9 ± 10.1 years) who underwent PCI. Multivessel disease was present in 352 patients (53.5%). Revascularization was complete in 94 (26.7%) and incomplete in 258 (73.3%) patients with multivessel disease. Reasons for incomplete revascularization included angioplasty of only the culprit lesion (43.4%); small vessel size (22.8%); moderate lesion, defined as diameter stenosis 50-69% (18.6%); chronic total occlusion of the non-intervened vessel (6.6%); and others (8.5%). Overall survival rate at 5 years was 87.4%. Patients who underwent complete revascularization had a 94.5% survival rate, compared to 83.0% for those with incomplete revascularization (p <0.001). Similarly, the rates of myocardial infarction-free survival were significantly higher in patients with complete versus incomplete revascularization (92.9% versus 79.9%, respectively). Incomplete revascularization was the most powerful independent predictor of mortality at follow-up (relative risk 95% confidence interval, 1.54-7.69; p = 0.003). Our data suggest that complete myocardial revascularization may improve the long-term prognosis after PCI of diabetic patients with multivessel CAD.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||5|
|Journal||Journal of Invasive Cardiology|
|State||Published - Mar 2004|
- Coronary artery disease
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine