Perception of smoking risks and motivation to quit among nontreatment-seeking smokers with and without schizophrenia

Deanna L. Kelly, Heather G. Raley, Suzanne Lo, Katherine Wright, Fang Liu, Robert P. McMahon, Eric T. Moolchan, Stephanie Feldman, Charles M. Richardson, Heidi J. Wehring, Stephen J. Heishman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Objective: We examined perceived consequences/benefits of cigarette smoking and motivation for quitting in nontreatment-seeking smokers who had schizophrenia or schizoaffective disorder (N = 100) or had no Axis I psychiatric disorder (normals, N = 100). Methods: Participants completed questionnaires and provided a breath carbon monoxide (CO) sample 10-15 minutes after smoking 1 preferred-brand cigarette. Primary assessments included the Smoking Consequences Questionnaire-Adult, the Reasons for Quitting Scale, and the Stages of Change.Results:There were no differences between the schizophrenia and control group in mean age of smoking onset (16.2 ± 5.4 vs 15.6 ± 5.5 y, P =. 44), number of cigarettes daily (17.9 ± 11.6 vs 17.0 ± 7.9, P = 0.51), or in breath CO (28.0 ± 14.5 vs 22.9 ± 8.0 ppm, P =. 61). Compared with normals, people with schizophrenia report greater stimulation/state enhancement (P

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)543-551
Number of pages9
JournalSchizophrenia Bulletin
Volume38
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - May 2012
Externally publishedYes

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Motivation
Schizophrenia
Smoking
Carbon Monoxide
Tobacco Products
Age of Onset
Psychotic Disorders
Psychiatry
Control Groups
Surveys and Questionnaires

Keywords

  • health risks
  • motivation
  • schizophrenia
  • smoking

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychiatry and Mental health

Cite this

Perception of smoking risks and motivation to quit among nontreatment-seeking smokers with and without schizophrenia. / Kelly, Deanna L.; Raley, Heather G.; Lo, Suzanne; Wright, Katherine; Liu, Fang; McMahon, Robert P.; Moolchan, Eric T.; Feldman, Stephanie; Richardson, Charles M.; Wehring, Heidi J.; Heishman, Stephen J.

In: Schizophrenia Bulletin, Vol. 38, No. 3, 05.2012, p. 543-551.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Kelly, DL, Raley, HG, Lo, S, Wright, K, Liu, F, McMahon, RP, Moolchan, ET, Feldman, S, Richardson, CM, Wehring, HJ & Heishman, SJ 2012, 'Perception of smoking risks and motivation to quit among nontreatment-seeking smokers with and without schizophrenia', Schizophrenia Bulletin, vol. 38, no. 3, pp. 543-551. https://doi.org/10.1093/schbul/sbq124
Kelly, Deanna L. ; Raley, Heather G. ; Lo, Suzanne ; Wright, Katherine ; Liu, Fang ; McMahon, Robert P. ; Moolchan, Eric T. ; Feldman, Stephanie ; Richardson, Charles M. ; Wehring, Heidi J. ; Heishman, Stephen J. / Perception of smoking risks and motivation to quit among nontreatment-seeking smokers with and without schizophrenia. In: Schizophrenia Bulletin. 2012 ; Vol. 38, No. 3. pp. 543-551.
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