Purpose: This study was aimed at determining whether a new method of analyzing lung volumes on fetal magnetic resonance (MR) imaging could be used to predict the degree of pulmonary compromise in congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH). Methods: Seventeen fetuses with CDH were prospectively evaluated by MR. Lung volumes were measured using an established technique and expressed as a percentage of the predicted lung volume (PPLV). Predicted lung volume was determined by subtracting measured mediastinal volume from total measured thoracic volume. The PPLV was correlated with postnatal outcomes. Statistical analyses were performed using the Mann-Whitney, Spearman correlation, or Fisher exact tests (P < .05). Results: Of the 14 liveborn patients, the PPLV was 20.3±10.4 (gestational age at MR, 22.3 ± 5.7 weeks). The PPLV was significantly associated with extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) use, hospital length of stay, and survival. All patients with a PPLV of less than 15 required prolonged ECMO support and had a 40% survival rate. In contrast, only 11% of patients with a PPLV of greater than 15 required ECMO, and survival was 100%. Conclusion: The PPLV as measured by fetal MR imaging can accurately predict disease severity in CDH. A value of less than 15 is associated with a significantly higher risk for prolonged support and/or death, despite aggressive postnatal management.
- Congenital diaphragmatic hernia
- Lung volumes
- Magnetic resonance imaging
- Prenatal diagnosis
- Pulmonary hypoplasia
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health