Perceived sexism as a health determinant in Spain

Carme Borrell, Lucia Artazcoz, Diana Gil-González, Glòria Pérez, Izabella Rohlfs, Katherine Pérez

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Objectives: The goals of the present study are to explore the association between perceived sexism and self-perceived health, health-related behaviors, and unmet medical care needs among women in Spain; to analyze whether higher levels of discrimination are associated with higher prevalence of poor health indicators and to examine whether these relationships are modified by country of origin and social class. Materials and methods: The study is based on a cross-sectional design using data from the 2006 Spanish Health Interview Survey. We included women aged 20-64 years (n=10,927). Six dependent variables were examined: four of health (self-perceived health, mental health, hypertension, and having had an injury during the previous year), one health behavior (smoking), and another related to the use of the health services (unmet need for medical care). Perceived sexism was the main independent variable. Social class and country of origin were considered as effect modifiers. We obtained the prevalence of perceived sexism. Logistic regression models, adjusted for potential confounders, were fitted to study the association between sexism and poor health outcomes. Results: The prevalence of perceived sexism was 3.4%. Perceived sexism showed positive and consistent associations with four poor health outcomes (poor self-perceived health, poor mental health, injuries in the last 12 months, and smoking). The strength of these associations increased with increased scores for perceived sexism, and the patterns were found to be modified by country of origin and social class. Conclusion: This study shows a consistent association between perceived sexism and poor health outcomes in a country of southern Europe with a strong patriarchal tradition.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)741-750
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Women's Health
Volume19
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 1 2010
Externally publishedYes

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Sexism
Spain
Health
Social Class
Mental Health
Logistic Models
Smoking
Health Services Needs and Demand
Health Behavior
Wounds and Injuries
Health Surveys
Interviews
Hypertension

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

Borrell, C., Artazcoz, L., Gil-González, D., Pérez, G., Rohlfs, I., & Pérez, K. (2010). Perceived sexism as a health determinant in Spain. Journal of Women's Health, 19(4), 741-750. https://doi.org/10.1089/jwh.2009.1594

Perceived sexism as a health determinant in Spain. / Borrell, Carme; Artazcoz, Lucia; Gil-González, Diana; Pérez, Glòria; Rohlfs, Izabella; Pérez, Katherine.

In: Journal of Women's Health, Vol. 19, No. 4, 01.04.2010, p. 741-750.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Borrell, C, Artazcoz, L, Gil-González, D, Pérez, G, Rohlfs, I & Pérez, K 2010, 'Perceived sexism as a health determinant in Spain', Journal of Women's Health, vol. 19, no. 4, pp. 741-750. https://doi.org/10.1089/jwh.2009.1594
Borrell C, Artazcoz L, Gil-González D, Pérez G, Rohlfs I, Pérez K. Perceived sexism as a health determinant in Spain. Journal of Women's Health. 2010 Apr 1;19(4):741-750. https://doi.org/10.1089/jwh.2009.1594
Borrell, Carme ; Artazcoz, Lucia ; Gil-González, Diana ; Pérez, Glòria ; Rohlfs, Izabella ; Pérez, Katherine. / Perceived sexism as a health determinant in Spain. In: Journal of Women's Health. 2010 ; Vol. 19, No. 4. pp. 741-750.
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