Perceived hearing status and attitudes toward noise in young adults

Alice E. Holmes, Stephen E. Widén, Soly Erlandsson, Courtney L. Carver, Lori L. White

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Purpose: To estimate the prevalence of perceived hearing loss, tinnitus, and temporary threshold shift (TTS) in community college students and to see whether those students' attitudes toward noise affected their perception of their own possible hearing loss, tinnitus, and TTS. Method: Young adults (N = 245; age 18-27) completed 3 questionnaires: the Hearing Symptom Description, Youth Attitude to Noise Scale, and Adolescents' Habits and Hearing Protection Use. Results: Perceived TTS and pain associated with loud noise were the most common hearing related factors, followed by perceived tinnitus and hearing loss. The students' attitudes toward noise in their daily environment showed the most negative response, whereas attitudes toward noise and concentration indicated a more positive, or less harmful, response. Chi-square analysis indicated a significant correlation between perceived hearing loss and respondents' overall attitudes toward noise exposure. Hearing protection use was limited for all participants, with the majority reporting never having used hearing protection. Conclusion: Approximately 6% of respondents reported perceived hearing loss, and 13.5% reported prolonged tinnitus. In general, participants had neutral attitudes toward noise. Over 20% of participants reported ear pain, tinnitus, and/or TTS after noise exposure at least sometimes. Coincidentally, few participants reported consistent use of hearing protection.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)S182-S189
JournalAmerican journal of audiology
Volume16
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 2007

Keywords

  • Attitudes toward noise
  • Hearing protection
  • Noise
  • Tinnitus

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Speech and Hearing

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