Perceived family and individual social status and its association with depression and suicidality in an adolescent clinical sample

Carol Vidal, Carl Latkin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

There is a well-documented association between subjective social status (SSS) and depression among adults. Yet, the research on SSS and suicidal thoughts and behaviors among adolescent minority populations is limited. The aim of this study was to examine the relationship between the adolescent's SSS and mental health in an adolescent sample. A total of 197 adolescents ages 12 to 18 years (M age = 14.58; SD = 1.54) and their parents were recruited in urban outpatient clinics. Sociodemographics and measures of depression, suicidal thoughts and behaviors, and SSS were collected in a cross-sectional survey and through chart review. Univariate and multivariate analyses were conducted to calculate statistical associations with depression and suicidal thoughts and behaviors. Significant negative associations were found between SSS and depression, suicidal ideation, and prior suicidal attempts, independent of socioeconomic status. Consideration should be given to assessing measures of social rank to appraise risk in adolescent outpatient clinical settings.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalJournal of community psychology
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - 2020

Keywords

  • adolescents
  • depression
  • social rank
  • subjective social status
  • suicidality

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Social Psychology

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