Perceived Addiction as a Predictor of Smoking Cessation Among Occasional Smokers

Michael Chaiton, Joanna E Cohen, Sue J. Bondy, Peter Selby, K. Stephen Brown, Roberta Ferrence, John M. Garcia

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Introduction: Common short screening measures of dependence that use number of cigarettes per day may not be appropriate for use in populations of occasional smokers. Aims: In this study, we investigate whether perceived addiction (PA) predicts quit attempts and successful cessation among occasional smokers. Methods: Current occasional smokers (18+) in the Ontario Tobacco Survey (OTS) longitudinal cohort study followed up every six months for up to three years. Respondents rated their self-perceived level of addiction (very vs. somewhat or not very addicted). Generalised Estimating Equation models and proportional hazard models were used to test the predictive ability of PA. Results/Findings: Occasional smokers with very high PA had a higher likelihood of reporting a quit attempt (RR: 2.49; 95% CI: 1.88, 3.30) after adjusting for demographics. Given an incident quit attempt, occasional smokers who reported being very addicted were 2.93 times more likely to relapse (95%: 2.01, 4.28). The effect of PA was independent of other predictors of smoking behaviour. Conclusions: For some, occasional smokers, smoking cessation is a difficult process that may require significant support. Asking occasional smokers about PA is an effective way to predict likely success in quitting smokers that may be easily assessed in population based, as well as in community and clinical, settings.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1-8
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Smoking Cessation
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - Jan 21 2016

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Smoking Cessation
Aptitude
Ontario
Proportional Hazards Models
Tobacco Products
Population
Tobacco
Longitudinal Studies
Cohort Studies
Smoking
Demography
Recurrence
Surveys and Questionnaires

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychiatry and Mental health

Cite this

Chaiton, M., Cohen, J. E., Bondy, S. J., Selby, P., Brown, K. S., Ferrence, R., & Garcia, J. M. (Accepted/In press). Perceived Addiction as a Predictor of Smoking Cessation Among Occasional Smokers. Journal of Smoking Cessation, 1-8. https://doi.org/10.1017/jsc.2015.19

Perceived Addiction as a Predictor of Smoking Cessation Among Occasional Smokers. / Chaiton, Michael; Cohen, Joanna E; Bondy, Sue J.; Selby, Peter; Brown, K. Stephen; Ferrence, Roberta; Garcia, John M.

In: Journal of Smoking Cessation, 21.01.2016, p. 1-8.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Chaiton, Michael ; Cohen, Joanna E ; Bondy, Sue J. ; Selby, Peter ; Brown, K. Stephen ; Ferrence, Roberta ; Garcia, John M. / Perceived Addiction as a Predictor of Smoking Cessation Among Occasional Smokers. In: Journal of Smoking Cessation. 2016 ; pp. 1-8.
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