Penetration routes of topically applied eye medications

M. G. Doane, Allan D. Jensen, C. H. Dohlman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Tritium-labeled hydrocortisone acetate and pilocarpine hydrochloride solutions were topically applied to the eyes of rabbits. In one group of animals, the drugs were excluded from contact with the cornea by a cylindrical well glued to the eye surface. In another group, the drug solutions were allowed contact with the entire anterior surface of the eye. Total application time in all cases was five minutes, then the eyes were flushed with saline. Samples of aqueous humor, stroma, and iris-ciliary body were taken after 5, 20, 35, 65 and 125 minutes and counted in a liquid scintillation counter. With hydrocortisone, up to 70 times more drug reached the stroma when the cornea was exposed; 40 times more reached the iris. Peak stromal levels occurred by 20 minutes, dropping to one third of peak value by two hours. With pilocarpine, about five times more drug reached the iris-ciliary body when corneal access was allowed; the level peaked in about five minutes. These results illustrate the important role of tear film distribution and blinking in delivering remotely applied drugs over the cornea with subsequent entry to interior sites.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)383-386
Number of pages4
JournalAmerican Journal of Ophthalmology
Volume85
Issue number3
StatePublished - 1978
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Iris
Cornea
Ciliary Body
hydrocortisone acetate
Pilocarpine
Pharmaceutical Preparations
Blinking
Scintillation Counting
Tritium
Aqueous Humor
Tears
Hydrocortisone
Rabbits

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ophthalmology

Cite this

Penetration routes of topically applied eye medications. / Doane, M. G.; Jensen, Allan D.; Dohlman, C. H.

In: American Journal of Ophthalmology, Vol. 85, No. 3, 1978, p. 383-386.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Doane, M. G. ; Jensen, Allan D. ; Dohlman, C. H. / Penetration routes of topically applied eye medications. In: American Journal of Ophthalmology. 1978 ; Vol. 85, No. 3. pp. 383-386.
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