Pelvic bone tumors present a diagnostic and therapeutic challenge. Due to the deep anatomic location and resultant late clinical presentation, pelvic bone tumors tend to be large and located in close proximity to pelvic viscera as well as vital neurovascular structures. Operative management of pelvic bone tumors is indicated for a variety of orthopedic oncologic conditions. In general, limb-sparing pelvic resection rather than hemipelvectomy with amputation of the ipsilateral limb is considered when a functional limb can be preserved without compromising the surgical margins. There are various options for pelvic resection and reconstruction, and the selection depends on tumor histology, anatomic location, and extent. The decision regarding choice of surgical procedure and reconstruction method for a pelvic bone tumor requires a thorough knowledge of the pelvic anatomy, and careful inspection of the anatomic extent. The surgical plan must strike a balance between acceptable functional outcome and acceptable morbidity. In this review, we describe the different types of pelvic resection techniques, and the vital role preoperative imaging plays in defining the anatomic extent of a pelvic bone tumor and subsequent surgical planning.
- Bone tumors
- MRI, CT
- Pelvic resection
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging