Purpose:Male patients with exstrophy-epispadias complex have a congenitally short penis. Adolescent and adult patients often desire penile reconstruction to enable penetrative intercourse. When penile lengthening using local tissue and/or skin graft is unsuitable, phalloplasty is performed. We provide updated experiences using radial forearm free flap and pedicled anterolateral thigh flap phalloplasty techniques over a 6-year period in exstrophy-epispadias complex patients.Materials and Methods:Consecutive patients who underwent radial forearm free flap or pedicled anterolateral thigh flap phalloplasty between 2013 and 2019 were reviewed. A total of 11 patients were identified, including 8 with classic bladder exstrophy and 3 with cloacal exstrophy. In each case, flap dimensions, donor and recipient vessels and nerves, complications, outcomes and subsequent surgical procedures are reported.Results:A radial forearm free flap was performed in 6 patients and a pedicled anterolateral thigh flap in 5. Flap survival was observed in all cases and 5 patients subsequently received an inflatable penile prosthesis. Among patients undergoing a pedicled anterolateral thigh flap, there was 1 mortality from acute pulmonary embolism, and the other 4 required at least 1 debulking procedure.Conclusions:Phalloplasty is an important procedure in patients with exstrophy-epispadias complex with severe penile inadequacy. Both techniques have favorable long-term outcomes, although the pedicled anterolateral thigh flap frequently requires a later debulking procedure. The radial forearm free flap is preferred but if the radial forearm is overly thin and the risk of inflatable penile prosthesis extrusion is high, the pedicled anterolateral thigh flap is an acceptable alternative.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||7|
|Journal||Journal of Urology|
|State||Published - Mar 1 2021|
- bladder exstrophy
- surgical flaps
ASJC Scopus subject areas