Pediatric Traumatic Brain Injury and Associated Topics: An Overview of Abusive Head Trauma, Nonaccidental Trauma, and Sports Concussions

Erik B. Smith, Jennifer Lee-Summers, Monica S. Vavilala, Sarah A. Lee

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

Abstract

Pediatric traumatic brain injury (TBI) uniquely affects the pediatric population. Abusive head trauma (AHT) is a subset of severe pediatric TBI usually affecting children in the first year of life. AHT is a form of nonaccidental trauma. Sports-related TBI resulting in concussion is a milder form of TBI affecting older children. Current recommended perioperative management of AHT and sports concussions relies on general pediatric TBI guidelines. Research into more specific pediatric TBI screening and management goals is ongoing. This article reviews the epidemiology, mechanisms, clinical signs, and management of AHT and sports-related concussions.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)119-134
Number of pages16
JournalAnesthesiology Clinics
Volume37
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 1 2019

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Keywords

  • Brain injuries
  • Child abuse
  • Concussion
  • Mild traumatic brain injury
  • Preoperative evaluation
  • SCAT-3
  • Sports-related head injury

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine

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