Pediatric siMS score: A new, simple and accurate continuous metabolic syndrome score for everyday use in pediatrics

Rade Vukovic, Tatjana Milenkovic, George Stojan, Ana Vukovic, Katarina Mitrovic, Sladjana Todorovic, Ivan Soldatovic

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Abstract

Background: The dichotomous nature of the current definition of metabolic syndrome (MS) in youth results in loss of information. On the other hand, the calculation of continuous MS scores using standardized residuals in linear regression (Z scores) or factor scores of principal component analysis (PCA) is highly impractical for clinical use. Recently, a novel, easily calculated continuous MS score called siMS score was developed based on the IDF MS criteria for the adult population. Objective: To develop a Pediatric siMS score (PsiMS), a modified continuous MS score for use in the obese youth, based on the original siMS score, while keeping the score as simple as possible and retaining high correlation with more complex scores. Subjects and methods: The database consisted of clinical data on 153 obese (BMI 95th percentile) children and adolescents. Continuous MS scores were calculated using Z scores and PCA, as well as the original siMS score. Four variants of PsiMS score were developed in accordance with IDF criteria for MS in youth and correlation of these scores with PCA and Z score derived MS continuous scores was assessed. Results: PsiMS score calculated using formula: (2xWaist/Height) + (Glucose(mmol/l)/5.6) + (triglycerides(mmol/l)/1.7) + (Systolic BP/130)—(HDL(mmol/l)/1.02) showed the highest correlation with most of the complex continuous scores (0.792–0.901). The original siMS score also showed high correlation with continuous MS scores. Conclusion: PsiMS score represents a practical and accurate score for the evaluation of MS in the obese youth. The original siMS score should be used when evaluating large cohorts consisting of both adults and children.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numbere0189232
JournalPLoS One
Volume12
Issue number12
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 1 2017
Externally publishedYes

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Vukovic, R., Milenkovic, T., Stojan, G., Vukovic, A., Mitrovic, K., Todorovic, S., & Soldatovic, I. (2017). Pediatric siMS score: A new, simple and accurate continuous metabolic syndrome score for everyday use in pediatrics. PLoS One, 12(12), [e0189232]. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0189232