There is considerable variation in emergency department practices concerning the use of intravenous (IV) rehydration. Sixty-eight patients seen in a pediatric emergency room and requiring IV rehydration were studied prospectively. Fiffy-eight patients were rehydrated in the emergency room, and 10 were admitted for rehydration. Fluid resuscitation ranged from 14 to 103 ml/kg (mean, 40 ml/kg). Following emergency department rehydration, two patients required subsequent emergency department rehydration, and one patient was admitted for rehydration. To determine outpatient IV rehydration practices, 214 pediatric training programs were surveyed. Of 173 respoedents, 77 (44.5%) carry out IV rehydration in the emergency department in less than 5% of cases, and 115 (66,4%) perform it in less than 10% of cases; only 11.7% of programs carry out IV rehydration in the emergency department in most cases requiring such therapy. It is concluded that from the standpoints of cost effectiveness and patient acceptance, outpatient IV rehydration should be considered more offen as a treatment option.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Emergency Medicine