Pediatric craniovertebral junction trauma

Mark E. Oppenlander, Justin C. Clark, Volker K H Sonntag, Nicholas Theodore

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review


The craniovertebral junction consists of the occiput, atlas, and axis, along with their strong ligamentous attachments. Because of its unique anatomical considerations, trauma to the craniovertebral junction requires specialized care. Children with potential injuries to the craniovertebral junction and cervical spinal cord demand specific considerations compared to adult patients. Prehospital immobilization techniques, diagnostic studies, and spinal injury patterns among young children can be different from those in adults. This review highlights the unique aspects in diagnosis and management of children with real or potential craniovertebral junction injuries.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)333-353
Number of pages21
JournalAdvances and technical standards in neurosurgery
StatePublished - 2014
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)


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