Pediatric asthma and ambient pollutant levels in industrializing nations

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Asthma is one of the most common chronic diseases in childhood and its prevalence has been increasing within industrializing nations. The contribution of ambient pollutants to asthma symptomatology has been explored in some countries through epidemiological investigations, molecular analysis and monitoring functional outcomes. The health effects of rising environmental pollution have been of increasing concern in industrializing nations with rising urbanization patterns. This review article provides an overview of the link between pediatric asthma and exposure to rising sources of urban air pollution. It primarily focuses on the asthma-specific effects of sulfur dioxide, nitrogen dioxide, ozone and particulate matter. Worldwide trends of asthma prevalence are also provided which detail the prominent rise in asthma symptoms in many urban areas of Africa, Latin America and Asia. The molecular and functional correlation of ambient pollutants with asthma-specific airway inflammation in the pediatric population are also highlighted. The final aspect of the review considers the correlation of motor vehicle, industrial and cooking energy sources, ascribed as the major emitters among the pollutants in urban settings, with asthma epidemiology in children.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numberihu081
Pages (from-to)7-15
Number of pages9
JournalInternational health
Volume7
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 19 2014

Keywords

  • Air pollution
  • Asthma
  • Environment
  • Pediatric
  • Public health
  • Respiratory medicine

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Health(social science)
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

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