Pediatric Acute Otitis Media in the Era of Pneumococcal Vaccination

Kareem O. Tawfik, Stacey L. Ishman, Mekibib Altaye, Jareen Meinzen-Derr, Daniel I. Choo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Objectives: (1) Describe longitudinal trends in annual prevalence of hospital admission for pediatric acute otitis media (AOM) and complications of AOM (CAOM) since introduction of pneumococcal vaccination in 2000 and (2) describe the longitudinal trend of prevalence of hospital admission for pneumococcal meningitis in children with AOM-related diagnoses in the postvaccination era. Study Design: Retrospective analysis of Kids’ Inpatient Database from 2000 to 2012. Setting: Community, nonrehabilitation hospitals. Subjects and Methods: To determine annual prevalence of admission for AOM/CAOM, nationally weighted frequencies of children aged <21 years with acute suppurative otitis media, acute mastoiditis, suppurative labyrinthitis, and/or acute petrositis were collected. The frequency of coexisting pneumococcal meningitis diagnoses among these patients was also collected. Trend analysis of prevalences of admission for AOM/CAOM and for pneumococcal meningitis occurring in the setting of AOM/CAOM from 2000 to 2012 was performed. Results: Between 2000 and 2012, annual prevalence of admission for AOM/CAOM decreased from 3.956 to 2.618 per 100,000 persons (P <.0001) (relative risk reduction 34%). Declines in admission prevalence were most pronounced in children <1 year of age (from 22.647 to 8.715 per 100,000 persons between 2000 and 2012, P <.0001) and 1 to 2 years of age (from 13.652 to 5.554 per 100,000 persons between 2000 and 2012, P <.0001). For all ages, the admission prevalence for pneumococcal meningitis and concomitant AOM/CAOM decreased (from 1.760 to 0.717 per 1,000,000 persons, P <.0001) over the study period. Conclusions: The prevalence of hospital admission for pediatric AOM/CAOM has declined since the advent of pneumococcal vaccination. Admission rates for pneumococcal meningitis with AOM/CAOM have similarly declined.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)938-945
Number of pages8
JournalOtolaryngology - Head and Neck Surgery (United States)
Volume156
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - May 1 2017
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • acute otitis media
  • complications of otitis media
  • otitis media
  • PCV
  • pneumococcal vaccination

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Otorhinolaryngology

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