PEBP2/CBF, the murine homolog of the human myeloid AML1 and PEBP2β/CBFβ proto-oncoproteins, regulates the murine myeloperoxidase and neutrophil elastase genes in immature myeloid cells

Issarang Nuchprayoon, Shari Meyers, Linda M. Scott, Joseph Suzow, Scott Hiebert, Alan D. Friedman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The myeloperoxidase (MPO) and neutrophil elastase genes are expressed specifically in immature myeloid cells. The integrity of a polyomavirus enhancer core sequence, 5'-AACCACA-3', is critical to the activity of the murine MPO proximal enhancer. This element binds two species, myeloid nuclear factors 1α and 1β (MyNF1α and -β), present in 32D c13 myeloid cell nuclear extracts. The levels of the MyNF1s increase during early 32D c13 cell granulocytic differentiation. Both MyNF1α and -β supershift with an antiserum raised by using a peptide derived from the N terminus of polyomavirus enhancer-binding protein 2/core-binding factor (PEBP2/CBF) α subunit. The specific peptide inhibits these supershifts. In vitro-translated PEBP2/CBF DNA-binding domain binds the murine MPO PEBP2/CBF site. An alternate PEBP2/CBF consensus site. 5'-GACCGCA-3', but not a simian virus 40 enhancer core sequence, 5'-TTCCACA-3', binds the MyNF1s in vitro and activates a minimal murine MPO-thymidine kinase promoter in vivo. The murine neutrophil elastase gene 100-bp 5'-flanking sequences contain several functional elements, including potential binding sites for PU.1, C/EBP, c- Myb, and PEBP2/CBF. The functional element 5'-GGCCACA-3' located at positions -66 to 72 differs from the PEBP2/CBF consensus (5'-PuACCPuCA-3') only by an A-to-G transition at position 2. This DNA element binds MyNF1α and -β weakly. The N terminis of two PEBP2/CBF α subunit family members, PEBP2αA and PEBP2αB (murine AML1), are nearly identical, and 32D c13 cells contain both corresponding mRNAs. Since t(8;21), t(3;21), and inv(16), associated with myeloid leukemias, disrupt subunits of PEBP2/CBF, we speculate that the resulting oncoproteins, AML1-ETO, AML1-EAP, AML1-Evi1, and CBFβ-MYH11 inhibit early myeloid differentiation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)5558-5568
Number of pages11
JournalMolecular and cellular biology
Volume14
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 1994

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

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