Programmed death one (PD-1) is an inducible molecule belonging to the immunoglobulin superfamily. It is expressed on activated T and B lymphocytes and plays pivotal roles in the negative regulation of adaptive immune responses. We report here an unexpected finding: that PD-1 could also be induced on splenic dendritic cells (DCs) by various inflammatory stimuli. Adoptive transfer of PD-1-deficient DCs demonstrates their superior capacity to wild-type DCs in innate protection of mice against lethal infection by Listeria monocytogenes. Furthermore, PD-1-deficient mice are also more resistant to the infection than wild-type controls, even in the absence of T and B cells, accompanied by elevated production of DC-derived interleukin-12 and tumor necrosis factor-α. Our results reveal a novel role of PD-1 in the negative regulation of DC function during innate immune response.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||8|
|State||Published - 2009|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cell Biology