Patterns of Intimate Partner Violence in Mothers At-Risk for Child Maltreatment

Megan H. Bair-Merritt, Sharon R. Ghazarian, Lori D Burrell, Anne K Duggan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Using three interviews spanning 3 years, we identified intimate partner violence (IPV) classes and determined how class membership changed over time amongst a sample of 217 mothers at-risk for child maltreatment that were enrolled in an early childhood home visitation evaluation study. Data on perpetration/victimization, IPV type (verbal, physical, and sexual abuse and injury) and severity were used to conduct latent class analyses at each time point. Latent transition analyses established the proportion of mothers who changed classes over time. A three-class solution (minimal, moderate, and high IPV) was indicated at each time point. All classes included mutual IPV. Partners used minor verbal abuse in the minimal class, minor and severe verbal abuse and minor physical abuse in the moderate class, and all IPV categories in the high class. At each transition, 40 % or more women moved from minimal to moderate or high IPV. This movement emphasizes the need to screen women frequently and develop interventions recognizing the dynamic nature of IPV.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)287-294
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Family Violence
Volume27
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - May 2012

Fingerprint

Child Abuse
maltreatment
Mothers
violence
abuse
class membership
Crime Victims
Sex Offenses
Intimate Partner Violence
victimization
sexual violence
childhood
Interviews
time
Wounds and Injuries
interview
evaluation

Keywords

  • Abuse
  • Home visitation
  • IPV type
  • Latent class

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Social Sciences (miscellaneous)
  • Clinical Psychology
  • Law
  • Sociology and Political Science

Cite this

Patterns of Intimate Partner Violence in Mothers At-Risk for Child Maltreatment. / Bair-Merritt, Megan H.; Ghazarian, Sharon R.; Burrell, Lori D; Duggan, Anne K.

In: Journal of Family Violence, Vol. 27, No. 4, 05.2012, p. 287-294.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Bair-Merritt, Megan H. ; Ghazarian, Sharon R. ; Burrell, Lori D ; Duggan, Anne K. / Patterns of Intimate Partner Violence in Mothers At-Risk for Child Maltreatment. In: Journal of Family Violence. 2012 ; Vol. 27, No. 4. pp. 287-294.
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