Patterns and Predictors of Preparation for Future Care Among Older Rural Chinese Adults: A Latent Profile Analysis

Yuqin Li, Yaoyao Sun, Junxin Li, Jihui Jia

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

This study aimed to identify profiles of preparation for future care (PFC) among older rural Chinese adults. A total of 481 older adults were recruited. PFC was evaluated using Preparation for Future Care Needs and respondents’ social services knowledge. Information on individual characteristics, physical health indicators, mental health, and support system was collected. Four profiles of PFC were identified: scarce-preparation (22.42%), high-avoidance/low-action (26.91%), moderate-preparation (44.17%), and high-avoidance/high-action (6.50%). The scarce-preparation and high-avoidance/low-action profiles had the lowest levels of social services knowledge. Multinomial logistic regression showed that older adults in moderate-preparation and high-avoidance/high-action profiles had fewer illnesses, exercised more frequently, and had higher loneliness levels compared with those in the scarce-preparation profile. Compared with high-avoidance/low-action persons, high-avoidance/high-action persons had fewer illnesses, exercised more frequently, and had lower self-esteem and higher loneliness levels. People who performed poorly in physical health indicators and well in mental health need to increase PFC.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalJournal of Applied Gerontology
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - 2020

Keywords

  • advance care planning
  • health promotion
  • latent profile analysis
  • person-centered care
  • rural

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Gerontology
  • Geriatrics and Gerontology

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