Pattern of growth in children with cerebral palsy

Jacklynn R Krick, Patricia Murphy-Miller, Scott Zeger, Eileen Wright

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

124 Scopus citations


Objective To provide a growth reference standard for children with quadriplegic cerebral palsy (QCP). Growth references specific to children with cerebral palsy would facilitate uniformity in clinical appraisal of their growth and nutritional status and would simplify comparative interpretation of growth data. Design Weights and lengths were obtained according to standardized procedures. Measurements were taken at time of visit to an orthopedic clinic and from retrospective review of charts. Subjects Three hundred sixty children with QCP. Growth data were based on 1,630 observations. Analysis Growth curves representing the 10th, 50th, and 90th percentiles were estimated using a smoothing splines technique. Statistical bootstrapping was performed to confirm significant differences from the growth charts of the National Center for Health Statistics (NCHS). Results Growth charts were constructed for boys and girls, aged 0 to 120 months, depicting length for age, weight for age, and weight for length. Average differences in length for age, weight for age, and weight for length between children with QCP and NCHS standards were -2,3 z, -2.4 z, -1.3 z for boys, and -2.1 z, -2.1 z, -1.1 z for girls. Children with QCP fell progressively behind in stature and weight. Compared with their NCHS counterparts, they were 5% shorter at 2 years of age and more than 10% shorter at 8 years of age. Application Charts representing the pattern of growth in children with QCP should be accessible to parents and health care professionals to facilitate evaluation and monitoring of nutritional status.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)680-685
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of the American Dietetic Association
Issue number7
StatePublished - 1996

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Food Science
  • Nutrition and Dietetics


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