Transfusion-related acute lung injury?(TRALI) is one of the leading causes of transfusion-associated mortality. The inadvertent transfusion of neutrophil antibodies can cause pulmonary transfusion reactions and TRALI. However, not all patients transfused with neutrophil antibodies experience transfusion reactions. A 22-year-old man with severe aplastic anaemia (SAA) experienced TRALI after a platelet transfusion. The donor was found to be alloimmunized to human neutrophil antigen (HNA)-3a, an antigen expressed by neutrophils from approximately 90% of Caucasians. Eleven other platelet components from this donor were transfused prior to this event and two caused reactions: one chills and one TRALI. Both episodes of TRALI occurred in the same male patient with SAA. The fact that one patient experienced TRALI following both exposures to anti-HNA-3a from the same donor whereas nine other recipients did not adds evidence to the observation that patient factors make a significant contribution to neutrophil antibody-mediated transfusion reactions.
- Neutrophil antibodies
- Platelet transfusions
- Transfusion reactions
- Transfusion-related acute lung injury
ASJC Scopus subject areas