Patient satisfaction between primary care providers and hospitals: A cross-sectional survey in Jilin province, China

Jinghua Li, Pingping Wang, Xuan Kong, Hailun Liang, Xiumin Zhang, Leiyu Shi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Objective: To assess patient satisfaction with outpatient and inpatient care between primary care providers and secondary/tertiary hospitals, and to examine its association with socio-demographic characteristics and type of institution, based on self-reported survey data. Design: Cross-sectional survey. Setting: Healthcare facilities within Jilin province, China. Participants: In total, 993 outpatients and 925 inpatients aged ≥15 years old were recruited. Main Outcome Measures: Patient satisfaction with the care experience. Results: Patient satisfaction with outpatient and inpatient care was significantly associated with type of healthcare delivery setting in Jilin, China. Seeking outpatient care from community health centers (CHCs) was significantly associated with a higher ratio of patient satisfaction. Patients of county and tertiary hospitals complained about long-waiting times, bad attitudes of health workers, high expense of treatment, and their overall satisfaction towards outpatient care was lower. In the terms of inpatient care, patients were more satisfied with treatment expense in CHCs compared with county hospitals. Conclusions: CHCs and hospitals face different challenges regarding patient satisfaction. Further healthcare reform in China need to adopt more measures (e.g. increasing quality of primary care, setting up a referral medical system etc.) to improve patient satisfaction.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numbermzw038
Pages (from-to)346-354
Number of pages9
JournalInternational Journal for Quality in Health Care
Issue number3
StatePublished - Jun 1 2016


  • China
  • Community health centers
  • Inpatient care
  • Outpatient care
  • Patient satisfaction
  • Primary healthcare
  • Secondary/tertiary hospitals

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Health Policy
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health


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