Patient safety incident reporting

A qualitative study of thoughts and perceptions of experts 15 years after 'To Err is Human'

Imogen Mitchell, Anne Schuster, Katherine Smith, Peter Pronovost, Albert W Wu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

One of the key recommendations of the Institute of Medicine's (IOM) report, To Err is Human, 15 years ago was for greater attention to incident reporting in healthcare, analogous to the role it has played in aviation and other high-risk industries. With the passage of time and maturation of the patient safety field, we conducted semistructured interviews with 11 international patient safety experts with knowledge of the US healthcare and meeting at least one of the following criteria: (1) involved in the development of the IOM's recommendations, (2) responsible for the design and/or implementation of national or regional incident reporting systems, (3) conducted research on patient safety/incident reporting at a national level. Five key challenges emerged to explain why incident reporting has not reached its potential: poor processing of incident reports (triaging, analysis, recommendations), inadequate engagement of doctors, insufficient subsequent visible action, inadequate funding and institutional support of incident reporting systems and inadequate usage of evolving health information technology. Leading patient safety experts acknowledge the current challenges of incident reports. The future of incident reporting lies in targeted incident reporting, effective triaging and robust analysis of the incident reports and meaningful engagement of doctors. Incident reporting must be coupled with visible, sustainable action and linkage of incident reports to the electronic health record. If the healthcare industry wants to learn from its mistakes, miss or near miss events, it will need to take incident reporting as seriously as the health budget.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)92-99
Number of pages8
JournalBMJ Quality and Safety
Volume25
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 1 2016

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Risk Management
Patient Safety
Delivery of Health Care
Aviation
Medical Informatics
National Academies of Science, Engineering, and Medicine (U.S.) Health and Medicine Division
Health Care Sector
Electronic Health Records
Budgets
Industry
Interviews
Health

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Health Policy

Cite this

Patient safety incident reporting : A qualitative study of thoughts and perceptions of experts 15 years after 'To Err is Human'. / Mitchell, Imogen; Schuster, Anne; Smith, Katherine; Pronovost, Peter; Wu, Albert W.

In: BMJ Quality and Safety, Vol. 25, No. 2, 01.02.2016, p. 92-99.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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