Patient-reported quality of care and pain severity in cancer

Kathryn A. Martinez, Claire F. Snyder, Jennifer L. Malin, Sydney M. Dy

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Objective: Despite treatment availability, many cancer patients experience severe pain. Although patient assessments of care are increasingly employed to evaluate quality of care, little is known about its association with cancer symptom burden. The objective of our study was to examine the association between patient-reported quality of care and pain severity in a nationally representative cohort of cancer patients. Method: Quality of care was measured in three domains: physician communication, care coordination/responsiveness, and nursing care. Quality scores were dichotomized as optimal versus nonoptimal. Pain was measured on a scale of 0 (least) to 100 (worst). We utilized multivariable linear regression to examine the association between patient-reported quality of care and pain severity. Results: The analytic sample included 2,746 individuals. Fifty and 54% of patients, respectively, rated physician communication and care coordination/responsiveness as nonoptimal; 28% rated nursing care as nonoptimal. In adjusted models, rating physician communication as nonoptimal (versus optimal) was associated with a 1.8-point higher pain severity (p = 0.018), and rating care coordination/responsiveness as nonoptimal was associated with a 2.2-point higher pain severity (p = 0.006). Significance of results: Patient-reported quality of care was significantly associated with pain severity, although the differences were small. Interventions targeting physician communication and care coordination/responsiveness may result in improved pain control for some patients.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)875-884
Number of pages10
JournalPalliative and Supportive Care
Volume13
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 1 2015

Keywords

  • Cancer pain
  • Pain management
  • Patient satisfaction
  • Patient-reported outcomes
  • Quality of care

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nursing(all)
  • Clinical Psychology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

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