Patient preferences for receiving education on venous thromboembolism prevention - A survey of stakeholder organizations

Victor O. Popoola, Brandyn D. Lau, Hasan M. Shihab, Norma E. Farrow, Dauryne L. Shaffer, Deborah B. Hobson, Susan V. Kulik, Paul D. Zaruba, Kenneth M. Shermock, Peggy S. Kraus, Peter J. Pronovost, Michael B. Streiff, Elliott R. Haut

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Importance: Venous thromboembolism (VTE) is a major cause of morbidity and mortality among hospitalized patients and is largely preventable. Strategies to decrease the burden of VTE have focused on improving clinicians' prescribing of prophylaxis with relatively less emphasis on patient education. Objective: To develop a patient-centered approach to education of patients and their families on VTE: including importance, risk factors, and benefit/harm of VTE prophylaxis in hospital settings. Design, Setting and Participants: The objective of this study was to develop a patient-centered approach to education of patients and their families on VTE: including importance, risk factors, and benefit/harm of VTE prophylaxis in hospital settings. We implemented a three-phase, web-based survey (SurveyMonkey) between March 2014 and September 2014 and analyzed survey data using descriptive statistics. Four hundred twenty one members of several national stakeholder organizations and a single local patient and family advisory board were invited to participate via email. We assessed participants' preferences for VTE education topics and methods of delivery. Participants wanted to learn about VTE symptoms, risk factors, prevention, and complications in a context that emphasized harm. Although participants were willing to learn using a variety of methods, most preferred to receive education in the context of a doctor-patient encounter. The next most common preferences were for video and paper educational materials. Conclusions: Patients want to learn about the harm associated with VTE through a variety of methods. Efforts to improve VTE prophylaxis and decrease preventable harm from VTE should target the entire continuum of care and a variety of stakeholders including patients and their families.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numbere0152084
JournalPloS one
Volume11
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 31 2016

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
  • Agricultural and Biological Sciences(all)
  • General

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    Popoola, V. O., Lau, B. D., Shihab, H. M., Farrow, N. E., Shaffer, D. L., Hobson, D. B., Kulik, S. V., Zaruba, P. D., Shermock, K. M., Kraus, P. S., Pronovost, P. J., Streiff, M. B., & Haut, E. R. (2016). Patient preferences for receiving education on venous thromboembolism prevention - A survey of stakeholder organizations. PloS one, 11(3), [e0152084]. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0152084