This paper summarizes the results of 61 independent studies containing descriptive variables from objectively measured medical encounters. Over 200 unique patient and provider variables were identified and grouped a priori, through a process of consensual validation, into six broad categories of communication process variables: information-giving, information-seeking, partnership-building, social conversation, positive talk and negative talk. Length of medical visit and proportionate contribution of each speaker were abstracted. In addition each study was coded for 47 study attributes including characteristics of the sample, study design and methodology. Study results fall in three broad areas: (1) characteristics of the studies are presented based on the coded attributes; (2) communication profiles of patient and physician interaction are constructed by averaging the data over studies; and (3) comparisons of communication behavior across studies are presented by common sample and setting characteristics.
- interaction analysis
- literature review
- patient-physician communication
ASJC Scopus subject areas