Patient characteristics related to intensity of weight reduction care in a university medical clinic

Frederick L. Brancati, Daniel E. Ford, Lawrence J. Appel, Michael J. Klag, Paul K. Whelton

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Objective:To identify patient characteristics related to intensity of weight reduction care provided in a primary care practice. Design:Cross-sectional study linking data from a patient survey and data from medical records. Setting:Internal medicine housestaff clinic in an urban university hospital. Participants:321 outpatients who represented a systematic sample of all outpatients who had visited the clinic over one year. Measurements and main results:The patient population was largely black (86%) and female (65%). Most patients (54%) were overweight [body-mass index (BMI)>85th percentile for the United States by gender]. Intensity of care was defined by a composite scale: points were awarded for actions documented in the medical chart or recalled by the patient. Factors independently associated with a higher intensity of care among the 161 overweight patients were: BMI [odds ratio (OR)=1.13 per kg/m 2;95% confidence interval (95% CI)=1.04, 122; p=0.002], the patient's self-perception of being overweight (OR=5.37; 95% CI=1.99, 14.46; p=0.001), and age of 64 years or younger (OR=2.48; 95% CI=1.12, 5.48; p=0.02). Race, gender, and presence of hypertension or hypercholesterolemia were not associated with greater intensity of care. Conclusions:Patients with hypertension and hypercholes-terolemia may be receiving suboptimal weight reduction care. Heightened awareness of being overweight may enbance the provision of weight reduction care. Prospective studies are required to confirm these findings.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)609-614
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of general internal medicine
Volume7
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 1 1992

Keywords

  • ambulatory care
  • obesity
  • prevention
  • weight reduction

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Internal Medicine

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