Patient-centered medical home capability and clinical performance in HRSA-supported health centers

Leiyu Shi, Diana C. Lock, De Chih Lee, Lydie A. Lebrun-Harris, Marshall H. Chin, Preeta Chidambaran, Robert S. Nocon, Jinsheng Zhu, Alek Sripipatana

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Objectives: To evaluate the relationship between Patient-centered Medical Home (PCMH) model adoption in health centers (HCs) and clinical performance measures and to determine if adoption of PCMH characteristics is associated with better clinical performance. Research Design: Data came from the Health Resources and Services Administration's 2009 Uniform Data System and the 2009 Commonwealth Fund National Survey of Federally Qualified Health Centers. Clinical performance measures included 2 process measures (childhood immunization and cervical cancer screening) and 2 outcome measures (hypertension control and diabetes control). Total and subscale PCMH scores were regressed on the clinical performance measures, adjusting for patient, provider, financial, and institutional characteristics. Results: The findings showed different directional relationships, with some PCMH domains (care management, test/referral tracking, quality improvement, and external coordination) showing little or no effect on outcome measures of interest, 1 domain (access/communication) associated with improved outcomes, and 1 domain (patient tracking/registry) associated with worse outcomes. Conclusions: This study is among the first to examine the association between PCMH transformation and clinical performance in HCs, providing an understanding of the impact of PCMH adoption within safety-net settings. The mixed results highlight the importance of examining relationships between specific PCMH domains and specific clinical quality measures, in addition to analyzing overall PCMH scores which could yield distorted findings.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)389-395
Number of pages7
JournalMedical care
Issue number5
StatePublished - Apr 27 2015


  • clinical performance
  • community health centers
  • patient centered medical home
  • primary care
  • safety-net provider

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health


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