Patient attitudes regarding the cost of illness in cancer care

Barry R. Meisenberg, Ashley Varner, Erin Ellis, Stephen Ebner, John Moxley, Erika Siegrist, David Weng

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Background and Purpose. The cost of illness in cancer care and the subsequent distress has attracted scrutiny. Guidelines recommend enhanced discussion of costs, assuming this will reduce both stress and costs. Little is known about patient attitudes about cost considerations influencing treatment decisions. Methods. A convenience-sample survey of patients currently receiving radiation and/or intravenous chemotherapy at an outpatient cancer center was performed. Assessments included prevalence and extent of financial burden, level of financial distress, attitudes about using costs to influence treatment decisions, and frequency or desirability of cost discussions with oncologists. Results. A total of 132 participants (94%) responded. Overall, 47% reported high financial stress, 30.8% felt well informed about costs prior to treatment, and 71% rarely spoke to their oncologists about cost. More than 71% of patients did not want either society’s or personal costs to influence treatment, and this result did not change based on degree of financial stress. Even when asked to assume that lower cost regimens were equally effective, only 28% would definitely want the lower cost regimen. Patients did not believe it was the oncologist’s duty to perform cost discussions. Conclusion. Even insured patients have a high degree of financial distress. Most, including those with the highest levels of distress, did not speak often with oncologists about costs and were strongly adverse to having cost considerations influence choice of regimen. The findings suggest that patients are not cost sensitive with regard to treatment decisions. Oncologists will require improved tools to have meaningful cost discussion, as recommended by the American Society of Clinical Oncology. Implications for Practice: This study raises important questions regarding optimal communication with patients about costs. If patients are not cost sensitive regarding treatment decisions, they will not be full partners in the desire to reduce financial burden and financial distress by lowering costs. Better patient educational tools are needed to help increase not just cost awareness but also awareness of value. To master this mode of discourse and to help ease patients’ financial toxicity, oncologists will need to master a new set of data and develop new skills. This new knowledge and proficiency are as vital to good oncology care as all other clinical acumen.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1199-1204
Number of pages6
JournalOncologist
Volume20
Issue number10
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 1 2015

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Keywords

  • Attitudes
  • Choice behavior
  • Cost of illness
  • Neoplasms

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research

Cite this

Meisenberg, B. R., Varner, A., Ellis, E., Ebner, S., Moxley, J., Siegrist, E., & Weng, D. (2015). Patient attitudes regarding the cost of illness in cancer care. Oncologist, 20(10), 1199-1204. https://doi.org/10.1634/theoncologist.2015-0168