Patient adherence to HIV medication regimens: A review of published and abstract reports

Linda Fogarty, Debra Roter, Susan Larson, Jessica Burke, Jeanne Gillespie, Richard Levy

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

286 Scopus citations


A literature search was conducted to collect published articles reporting correlates of HIV medication adherence or interventions designed to increase HIV medication adherence. Proceedings from seven HIV/AIDS-related conferences were searched for relevant abstracts. We found 18 descriptive studies in published articles and 57 in conference proceedings producing over 200 separate variables falling into four broad areas: (1) factors related to treatment regimen; (2) social and psychological factors; (3) institutional resources; and (4) personal attributes. More complex regimens were related to decreased adherence, but were often successfully mitigated by regimen aids. Social and psychological factors reflecting emotional adjustment to HIV/AIDS and provider support were related to adherence. Access to institutional resources was associated with better adherence. Personal attributes showed a mixed relationship; gender was not consistently related to adherence, but younger age, minority status, and a history of substance abuse were often related to non-adherence. The intervention search yielded 16 interventions employing a wide range of behavioral, cognitive and affective strategies. Evidence of effectiveness was weak. We conclude the abstracts are a useful source of information as part of a systematic review, particularly when available published literature is limited, if results and study characteristics are reported in an adequate and standard manner.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)93-108
Number of pages16
JournalPatient Education and Counseling
Issue number2
StatePublished - 2002


  • Adherence interventions
  • HIV care
  • Medication adherence

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)


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