Path information effects in visual and proprioceptive spatial learning

Naohide Yamamoto, Amy L. Shelton

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

18 Scopus citations


Objects in an environment are often encountered sequentially during spatial learning, forming a path along which object locations are experienced. The present study investigated the effect of spatial information conveyed through the path in visual and proprioceptive learning of a room-sized spatial layout, exploring whether different modalities differentially depend on the integrity of the path. Learning object locations along a coherent path was compared with learning them in a spatially random manner. Path integrity had little effect on visual learning, whereas learning with the coherent path produced better memory performance than random order learning for proprioceptive learning. These results suggest that path information has differential effects in visual and proprioceptive spatial learning, perhaps due to a difference in the way one establishes a reference frame for representing relative locations of objects.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)346-360
Number of pages15
JournalActa Psychologica
Issue number3
StatePublished - Jul 2007
Externally publishedYes


  • Path
  • Proprioception
  • Spatial memory
  • Vision

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Experimental and Cognitive Psychology
  • Developmental and Educational Psychology
  • Arts and Humanities (miscellaneous)


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