Passive smoking exposure and perceived health status in children seeking pediatric care services at a vietnamese tertiary hospital

Chau Quy Ngo, Giap Van Vu, Phuong Thu Phan, Hanh Thi Chu, Lan Phuong Thi Doan, Anh Tu Duong, Quan Hoang Vuong, Manh Tung Ho, Minh Hoang Nguyen, Hong Kong T. Nguyen, Hai Thanh Phan, Giang Hai Ha, Giang Thu Vu, Kiet Tuan Huy Pham, Tung Hoang Tran, Bach Xuan Tran, Carl A. Latkin, Cyrus S.H. Ho, Roger C.M. Ho

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Understanding the predictors of health conditions and exposure to secondhand smoke among children is necessary to determine the severity of the issues and identify effective solutions. Despite the significant prevalence in smoking and child exposure to secondhand smoke, there have been only a few studies focusing on this area in Vietnam, and thus the current study aims to fill in this gap. The questionnaires of 435 children aged between 0 and 6 and their caregivers, who agreed to participate in the research, were collected at the Pediatric Department of Bach Mai hospital, Hanoi, in 2016. Multivariable logistic regression was employed to identify factors associated with perceived health status and exposure to secondhand smoke among children in the last 24 h and the last 7 days from the date of the survey. Our study found that 43% of the respondents had smokers in the family, and 46.4% of children were exposed to passive smoking in the last 7 days. Urban children were most frequently exposed to passive smoking at home and in public, whereas in the rural area, the home and relatives’ houses were the most common places for exposure. Compared to children whose caregivers were farmers, children of non-government workers were more likely to be exposed to passive smoking in the last 7 days. Moreover, children in a family having smoking rules and no smokers were less likely to be exposed to passive smoking in the last 24 h and 7 days than those living in a family allowing smoking and having smokers. In conclusion, our study shows that the government needs to implement better public smoking monitoring and encourage caregivers to implement smoke-free households or smoking rules in their houses.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number1188
JournalInternational journal of environmental research and public health
Volume17
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 2 2020

Keywords

  • Children health
  • Health behaviors
  • Passive smoking
  • Perceived health
  • Secondhand smoking
  • Vietnam

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis

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