Passenger carriage and car crash injury: A comparison between younger and older drivers

Lawrence T. Lam, Robyn Norton, Mark Woodward, Jennie Connor, Shanthi Ameratunga

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


This study was conducted to investigate the effects of passenger carriage, including the number of passengers and the ages of passengers, on the risk of car crash injury. The study utilised data obtained from a case-control study conducted in the Auckland region of New Zealand between 1998 and 1999. Cases were car drivers who involved in crashes in which at least one occupant was hospitalised or killed. Controls were selected from a cluster random sample of car drivers on the roads in the same region. Self-report information on the numbers of passengers carried and their ages at the time of crash or at the time of the roadside survey, as well as potential confounding factors, was obtained from the drivers, or a proxy, using an interviewer-administered questionnaire. A total of 571 cases (93% response rate), including 195 younger drivers (aged

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)861-867
Number of pages7
JournalAccident Analysis and Prevention
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2003
Externally publishedYes



  • Car crash injury
  • Passenger carriage
  • Risk factors
  • Young drivers

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Transportation
  • Safety Research
  • Law
  • Human Factors and Ergonomics
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Safety, Risk, Reliability and Quality
  • Chemical Health and Safety

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