Participation of IL-4 in the formation of IgD-binding factors by antigen-primed mouse spleen cells

M. Adachi, N. Arai, K. Ishizaka

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Scopus citations


BALB/c mouse spleen cells primed with either keyhole limpet hemocyanin or DNP-keyhole limpet hemocyanin formed not only IgG-binding factors (BF) and IgE-BF upon antigenic stimulation. Analysis of cellular mechanisms involved in the formation of Ig-BF by antigenic stimulation revealed that Ag-primed Th cells released lymphokines upon antigenic stimulation, and that the lymphokine(s) in turn stimulates unprimed T cells to form Ig-BF. Normal unprimed lymphocytes formed IgD-BF upon incubation with culture supernatants of Ag-stimulated spleen cells. The formation of IgD-BF induced by the culture supernatant was prevented by anti-IL-4 mAb (11B11). It was also found that 0.3 to 10 U/ml mouse rIL-4, but none of the rIL-1, IL-2, and IFN-γ, induced normal T cells to form IgD-BF. Indeed, both IL-2 and IFN-γ inhibited IL-4 to induce the formation of IgD-BF. In contrast, 10 to 50 U/ml of IFN-γ induced the formation of IgE-BF, and 50 to 200 U/ml IFN-γ induced the formation of IgG-BF. However, none of the other lymphokines tested, i.e., IL-1, IL-2, and IL-4, induced the formation of either IgE-BF or IgG-BF. The IgD-BF formed by antigenic stimulation of keyhole limpet hemocyanin-primed spleen cells and those formed by stimulation of normal lymphocytes with 1 to 2 U/ml IL-4 enhanced both IgM and IgG1 plaque-forming cell responses of SRBC-primed spleen cells to homologous Ag. In contrast, 1 to 2 U/ml of IL-4, which could induce the formation of IgD-BF, failed to affect the PFC responses. It appears that the formation of IgD-BF may be involved in the effects of IL-4 to enhance the antibody response.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2358-2366
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Immunology
Issue number7
StatePublished - 1988

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Immunology


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