Partially restored resting-state functional connectivity in women recovered from anorexia nervosa

Ilka Boehm, Daniel Geisler, Friederike Tam, Joseph A. King, Franziska Ritschel, Maria Seidel, Fabio Bernardoni, Julia Murr, Thomas Goschke, Vince Daniel Calhoun, Veit Roessner, Stefan Ehrlich

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Background: We have previously shown increased resting-state functional connectivity (rsFC) in the frontoparietal network (FPN) and the default mode network (DMN) in patients with acute anorexia nervosa. Based on these findings we investigated within-network rsFC in patients recovered from anorexia nervosa to examine whether these abnormalities are a state or trait marker of the disease. To extend the understanding of functional connectivity in patients with anorexia nervosa, we also estimated rsFC between large-scale networks. Methods: Girls and women recovered from anorexia nervosa and pair-wise, ageand sex-matched healthy controls underwent a resting-state fMRI scan. Using independent component analyses (ICA), we isolated the FPN, DMN and salience network. We used standard comparisons as well as a hypothesis-based approach to test the findings of our previous rsFC study in this recovered cohort. Temporal correlations between network time-course pairs were computed to investigate functional network connectivity (FNC). Results: Thirty-one patients recovered from anorexia nervosa and 31 controls participated in our study. Standard group comparisons revealed reduced rsFC between the dorsolateral prefrontal cortex (dlPFC) and the FPN in the recovered group. Using a hypothesis-based approach we extended the previous finding of increased rsFC between the angular gyrus and the FPN in patients recovered from anorexia nervosa. No group differences in FNC were revealed. Limitations: The study design did not allow us to conclude that the difference found in rsFC constitutes a scar effect of the disease. Conclusion: This study suggests that some abnormal rsFC patterns found in patients recovered from anorexia nervosa normalize after long-term weight restoration, while distorted rsFC in the FPN, a network that has been associated with cognitive control, may constitute a trait marker of the disorder.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)377-385
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Psychiatry and Neuroscience
Volume41
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 1 2016
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychiatry and Mental health
  • Biological Psychiatry
  • Pharmacology (medical)

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    Boehm, I., Geisler, D., Tam, F., King, J. A., Ritschel, F., Seidel, M., Bernardoni, F., Murr, J., Goschke, T., Calhoun, V. D., Roessner, V., & Ehrlich, S. (2016). Partially restored resting-state functional connectivity in women recovered from anorexia nervosa. Journal of Psychiatry and Neuroscience, 41(6), 377-385. https://doi.org/10.1503/jpn.150259