Screening of the biochemical-pharmacological properties of the crude venom from the snake Lachesis muta indicated the presence of phospholipase A2 (PLA2; 5260 U/mg protein), procoagulant (2630 U/mg protein), platelet aggregating (43 U/mg protein) and caseinolytic activities (6670 U/mg protein). These activities were separated by filtration of the crude venom on Sephacryl S-200. The material containing PLA2 activity was further fractioned by DEAE-cellulose ion exchange chromatography into four active fractions (F-I to F-IV, containing 1.7, 1.2, 0.3, and 0.05% of the crude venom protein, respectively) by stepwise elution with buffers of increasing ionic strength. All fractions presented a molecular weight of approximately 15,000 and isoelectric points in the range pH 4.6-6.0. In addition to their indirect hemolytic activity, the partially purified fractions inhibited platelet aggregation induced either by collagen or thrombin. p-Bromophenacyl bromide-treated fractions lost both phospholipase A2 activity and their inhibitory effect on collagen-induced platelet aggregation.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||5|
|Journal||Brazilian Journal of Medical and Biological Research|
|State||Published - May 1993|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutics(all)
- Cell Biology