Partial Normalization of Biomarkers of Inflammation and Immune Activation among Virally Suppressed Men with HIV Infection and High ART Adherence

Jose R. Castillo-Mancilla, Todd T. Brown, Frank J. Palella, Bernard J.C. Macatangay, Elizabeth C. Breen, Lisa P. Jacobson, Nikolas I. Wada

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background. The objective of this study was to investigate whether 100% antiretroviral therapy (ART) adherence in men with HIV (MWH) is associated with normalization of concentrations of biomarkers of inflammation and immune activation compared with HIV-uninfected men. Methods. We analyzed person-visits with available biomarker data from the Multicenter AIDS Cohort Study (MACS) among MWH receiving ART with HIV RNA <50 copies/mL and among HIV-uninfected men. Self-reported adherence was classified as 100% if no missed ART doses in the past 4 days were reported. We evaluated associations between ART adherence and concentrations of 24 serum biomarkers compared with HIV-uninfected visits using a generalized gamma model, adjusting for potential confounders. Results. Person-visits (2565 from MWH reporting 100% ART adherence and 1588 from HIV-uninfected men) from a total of 1469 men were included in the analysis. Serum concentrations of interleukin-6 (IL-6), soluble interleukin-6 receptor (sIL-6R), IL-1β, interferon-γ (IFN-γ), chemokine C-C motif ligand 2 (CCL2), and CCL14 from person-visits among MWH who reported 100% adherence were similar to HIV-uninfected person-visits. Comparatively higher concentrations of 11 biomarkers and lower concentrations of 7 biomarkers were observed in person-visits from MWH who reported 100% ART adherence, compared with HIV-uninfected person-visits. Conclusions. Although MWH with virologic suppression who reported 100% ART adherence exhibited overall higher concentrations of biomarkers of inflammation and immune activation compared with HIV-uninfected men, some biomarker concentrations were similar in both groups. These findings suggest that optimal ART adherence could have clinical implications beyond achieving and sustaining viral suppression.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalOpen Forum Infectious Diseases
Volume7
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - 2020

Keywords

  • Adherence
  • Antiretroviral therapy
  • HIV
  • Inflammation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Clinical Neurology

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