PURPOSE. Parstatin is a 41-mer peptide formed by proteolytic cleavage on activation of the PAR1 receptor. The authors recently showed that parstatin is a potent inhibitor of angiogenesis. The purpose of the present study was to evaluate the therapeutic effect of parstatin on ocular neovascularization. METHODS. Choroidal neovascularization was generated in mice using laser-induced rupture of Bruch's membrane and was assessed after 14 days after perfusion of FITC-dextran. Oxygeninduced retinal neovascularization was established in neonatal mice by exposing them to 75% O 2 at postnatal day (P)7 for 5 days and then placing them in room air for 5 days. Evaluation was performed on P17 after staining with anti-mouse PECAM-1. The effect of parstatin was tested after intravitreal administration. The effects of subconjunctival-injected parstatin on corneal neovascularization and inflammation in rats were assessed 7 days after chemical burn-induced corneal neovascularization. Retinal leukostasis in mice was assessed after perfusion with FITC-conjugated concanavalin A. RESULTS. Parstatin potently inhibited choroidal neovascularization with an IC 50 of approximately 3 μg and a maximum inhibition of 59% at 10 μg. Parstatin suppressed retinal neovascularization with maximum inhibition of 60% at 3 μg. Ten-microgram and 30-μg doses appeared to be toxic to the neonatal retina. Subconjunctival parstatin inhibited corneal neovascularization, with 200 μg themost effective dose (59% inhibition). In addition, parstatin significantly inhibited corneal inflammation and VEGF-induced retinal leukostasis. In all models tested, scrambled parstatin was without any significant effect. CONCLUSIONS. Parstatin is a potent antiangiogenic agent of ocular neovascularization and may have clinical potential in the treatment of angiogenesis-related ocular disorders.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Sensory Systems
- Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience