Pars plana vitrectomy with juxtapapillary laser photocoagulation versus vitrectomy without juxtapapillary laser photocoagulation for the treatment of optic disc pit maculopathy: The results of the KKESH International Collaborative Retina Study Group

Marwan A. Abouammoh, Sulaiman M. Alsulaiman, Vishali S. Gupta, Ahmed Mousa, Akito Hirakata, Maria H. Berrocal, Megan Chenworth, Jay Chhablani, Yusuke Oshima, Waseem M. AlZamil, Antonio Marcelo Casella, Gabriela Papa-Oliva, Alay S. Banker, J. Fernando Arevalo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background/aims To compare the functional and anatomic outcomes of pars plana vitrectomy (PPV) with juxtapapillary laser photocoagulation (JLP) versus vitrectomy without JLP in optic disc pit maculopathy. Methods This was a multicentre, retrospective study of 46 consecutive patients with optic disc pit maculopathy presenting at tertiary eye centres between 1992 and 2012. Indications for surgery included distorted or decreased vision. Surgical intervention included PPV, posterior vitreous detachment, with or without gas tamponade. Twenty-four patients received laser photocoagulation at the temporal edge of the optic disc pit (group A) and 22 patients had no laser (group B). Postoperative best-corrected visual acuity (BCVA) and optical coherence tomography findings were the main outcome measures. Results Mean follow-up was 44 months (range 12-98 months). BCVA in group A improved significantly from 0.7 logMAR (20/100) preoperatively to 0.5 logMAR (20/60) postoperatively (p=0.017). In group B, BCVA improved from 0.7 logMAR (20/100) preoperatively to 0.4 logMAR (20/40) postoperatively (p=0.014). The difference in final BCVA between groups was not statistically significant (p=0.693). The mean central macular thickness (CMT) in group A improved significantly from 750 μm preoperatively to 309 μm at last follow-up (p<0.0001). The mean CMT in group B improved from 616 μm preoperatively to 291 μm at last follow-up (p=0.028). The difference in final CMT between groups was not statistically significant (p=0.747). Conclusions PPV with JLP for optic disc pit maculopathy had similar functional and anatomic outcomes compared with vitrectomy without JLP.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)484-490
Number of pages7
JournalBritish Journal of Ophthalmology
Volume100
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 2016

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ophthalmology
  • Sensory Systems
  • Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience

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